Beijing has released a list of import duties of up to 25 percent to be imposed on items including fresh fruits, wine and pork.
'No use to anyone' The climbdown came as Trump announced new sanctions against China for what he called the theft of U.S. intellectual property - which Beijing has vowed to meet with tit-for-tat retaliation.
"The United States" practice of restricting the import of products based on "national security' has severely damaged the multilateral trade system represented by the WTO and seriously interfered with the normal global trade order", the statement said. Mid-day accepts no responsibility or liability for its dependability, trustworthiness, reliability and data of the text.
In a separate and potentially bigger dispute, the ministry criticised Trump's decision on Thursday to approve a possible tariff hike on Chinese imports worth up to $60 billion over Beijing's technology policies.
The country could also take further measures, such as targeting United States agriculture - 60 percent of USA soya beans are sold to China.
But a senior U.S. official later said that Washington was "not interested in creating terms for a dialogue". "We are confident in our capability to face up to any challenge", the Commerce Ministry said.
Peter Navaroo, a Trump trade adviser, told CNN on Thursday that quotas on the amount of steel and alumnium sent to the USA would be part of the deals for countries with exemptions.
In the second stage, the 25-per cent import tax will be imposed after evaluating the impact caused by the U.S. policies, state-run Xinhua news agency quoted the ministry as saying.
The products subject to the new tariffs have not yet been officially identified and Thursday's announcement did not immediately impose new import duties.
But it said it hoped the USA would not drag bilateral economic and trade relations into danger.
However, trade watchers in Asia says China's retaliation will no doubt be carefully targeted to hit key Trump-supporting areas of the US.
The Commerce Ministry announcement Friday made no mention of jetliners, soybeans or other products that are the biggest United States exports to China by value.
"We're very concerned about what might happen as far as a tariff", he said.
The ministry added that it would take the United States to the World Trade Organization, saying Washington "severely damaged the multilateral trade system". For many years, they had free reign; they don't have free reign anymore.
He said hog farmers are already struggling to make a profit, with prices below the break-even point, "and any more pressure against that is just going to hurt us that much more".
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